GOVERNANCE: In August 2016, voters approved new amendments to the Ak-Chin Indian Community Constitution. All council seats were elected in November, 2016. Beginning in January 2017, all seats were 2-year terms; thereafter 4-year terms, with an 8-year term limit. Prior to the 2016 amendment, the council selected the Chair and Vice Chair. Now, the Chair and Vice Chair are voted in by the Ak-Chin Community. The legislative council meets on the first and third Wednesday of every month. The Ak-Chin Indian Community is located in Congressional District 1; Legislative District 11.
CONSTITUTION: To view the Ak-Chin Indian Community's original Constitution, see: Ak-Chin Indian Community Constitution and Bylaws, adopted 1961.
To view the 2016 voter-approved Constitution, see: 2016 Amended Constitution file below.
COMMUNITY PROFILE: The Ak-Chin Indian Community consists of both Tohono O'odham and Pima Indians in the Sonoran Desert of south-central Arizona. The O'odham translation of Ak-Chin means "mouth of the wash" or "place where the wash loses itself in the sand or ground." According to the Ak-Chin, this term refers to a type of farming that relies on washes or seasonal floodplains for irrigation. The Ak-Chin Indian Community was established in May 1912 through an Executive Order from President Taft. The originally-established 47,600-acre reservation was reduced to less than 22,000 acres in 1913. In 1961 the Tribe's government was formally organized, and the Ak-Chin are currently governed by a five-member Tribal Council.
According to the 2018 Census, approximately 1,348 individuals live on Ak-Chin Indian Community tribal land in Arizona. This land is located in the Santa Cruz Valley 58 miles south of Phoenix, Arizona. All of the land within the Ak-Chin Community is held in trust by the United States government. The land area consists of 32.78 square miles, with 16,000 of the 21,840 acres dedicated to agriculture/farming. This makes the Ak-Chin community one of the largest farming communities in the United States.
The Ak-Chin Indian Community runs the Ak-Chin Him Dak Eco-Museum, the first of its kind in America. The museum was established to preserve, protect, promote, and teach all aspects of Ak-Chin heritage. The museum hosts two yearly celebrations, the annual Him-Dak Celebration in April, and Native American Recognition Day in September. The Community also operates Harrah's Ak-Chin Casino and Resort, Ak-Chin Pavillion, and Ak-Chin Farms.
Ak-Chin Indian Community Reservation
|Number of Households
|Average Household Size
|Population Under Age 18
|Population Over Age 65
|Speaks a Language Other Than English in Household
|Owner-Occupied Housing Units
|Age 25+ with High School Degree or Higher
|Median Household Income
|Below Federal Poverty Threshold
|Households with at Least One Computing Device
|Households with a Desktop/Laptop
*All statistics are from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey, 5-year estimates.